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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is the general inflammation or infection of the gum tissues. It is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene habits allowing hardened tartar to form at the gumline.

This is a needlessly prevalent problem that afflicts the gums of millions of Americans each year. In fact, the American Dental Association estimates that up to 47 percent of adults over the age of 30 struggle with some form of periodontal disease.

Poor oral hygiene habits and hardened tartar allow gingivitis to develop in the gums. This often includes symptoms like inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing as well as problems with chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment for treatment at Fischer Family and Cosmetic Dentistry.

Without professional treatment and improvements in your daily oral hygiene routine, gingivitis will inevitably progress in severity. If it develops into periodontitis, the complications can be severe and long lasting.

This level of infection and inflammation in your gums can cause the gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This enables pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even cause the loss of structure in the bones that anchor your teeth.

The systemic inflammation resulting from chronic gum disease also poses a significant threat to the effectiveness of your immune system. New and continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. You should note that while periodontal disease cannot cause these conditions, it does seem to have some level of impact or it can limit your treatment options.

If you live in the Centreville, Virginia, area and you have gum health concerns, you should call 703.994.4626 to seek professional care from Dr. Katherine B. Fischer & Charles C. Fischer.